A/S Øresund's responsibilities
A/S Øresund owns and operates the Øresund motorway and also owns the Øresund railway with operation and maintenance being transferred from Banedanmark to A/S Øresund in 2015.
In addition, A/S Øresund owns 50 per cent of Øresundsbro Konsortiet, which operates the Øresund Bridge.
A/S Øresund is a legal entity, which means that staff contracts are with A/S Øresund, although staff are employed by Sund & Bælt.
Loans are also raised in A/S Øresund’s name. The company’s financial administration is handled in conjunction with Øresundsbro Konsortiet.
Øresund Landanlæg's impact
The motorway and railway across Amager to Copenhagen Airport and the Øresund Bridge is, despite the relatively short distance, one of the most important transport links in Denmark.
The opening of the motorway on 27 September 1997 and the railway on 27 September 1998 marked a leap in mobility at international, national, regional and local levels.
Internationally, the facility across Amager comprises the Danish landworks to the Øresund Bridge between Copenhagen and Malmø, which connects the Scandinavian peninsula and the European continent with the railway and motorway. The rapid connection to the centre of Copenhagen has also been crucial for Copenhagen Airport’s ability to attract more international air routes.
The EU has recognised the facility as an important part in the creation of an integrated transport network, Trans European Network (TEN), which is a prerequisite for a common market with free movement. The realisation of the project was therefore given financial support from so-called TEN-funding.
The Øresund Bridge between Copenhagen and Malmø and thus the Danish landworks, is a prerequisite for closer contact between the Copenhagen area and southern Sweden and the formation of a larger, common labour and housing market, which is the basis for the political vision of the Øresund Region.
The new link to the other parts of the motorway and rail networks also meant easier access to the airport from the rest of Denmark around Copenhagen city centre. Momentum grew along with Copenhagen Airport’s market, not least because of a new customer segment from southern Sweden, which now had easier access to the airport via the Øresund Bridge.
Locally, the motorway and railway gave traffic patterns on Amager a much needed boost. Business and the public in Tårnby, Kastrup and, in part, Dragør gained an upgraded infrastructure with a rail connection and easy access to the motorway network. A further positive effect was markedly less through traffic on local roads.